Why A Good Irrigation System Is Important
Garden irrigation is a fundamental procedure to have vegetables and vegetables in good health and with a good yield. At the same time, water is necessary in order not to make the plants suffer and to avoid fibrous and dry products.
Irrigation methods change according to soil composition, season and climate.
Garden Irrigation: Alternative Methods
To avoid suffering young plants, especially those belonging to the most delicate species, it is advisable not to water the garden with a direct jet of water.
In this way it is also possible to avoid water stagnations in the soil which cause the proliferation of fungi and bacteria and therefore root rot.
One of the most advantageous solutions is the drip irrigation, based on the principle of administering water directly to the roots of the specimens.
Drip irrigation is a very common method in agriculture because it is not necessary to develop an underground system without affecting the aesthetic aspect of the composition, as happens in gardens.
Thanks to this system the water is left to fall very slowly on the ground where it is deposited. It is a micro-irrigation system, so the liquid does not have to be subjected to pressure to be dispersed.
Drip irrigation: what you need to know
When you decide to develop a drip irrigation system, you have to keep in mind some factors: first of all, there is no single method, but you can choose between different types.
In this way you can customize the solution according to the characteristics of the garden itself and the needs of vegetables and vegetables.
For example, it is possible to install micro sprayers so as to wet the soil around the plant, or bury the dripping wings and make the system autonomous.
Water For Drip Irrigation
Whatever irrigation system is used, the most suitable type of water for the crops must be carefully evaluated. The drip garden irrigation system needs a water source such as a stream or canal, so it is necessary to check that they are not polluted.
At the same time, drinking water should not be used for watering as it has an excessive amount of chlorine, which has negative effects on the health of vegetables.
Drip Irrigation Of The Garden: Why Do You Do It?
The drip irrigation systems are very appreciated because they are convenient and really advantageous: first of all they allow to optimize water consumption, avoiding water waste.
It is necessary to design and install the system correctly in order to meet the needs of the crops in the garden. In this way it is also possible to have an optimal distribution of liquid fertilizers mixed with water for irrigation.
The convenience of drip irrigation
The drip irrigation system is very practical and customizable as it is possible to connect the system to a timer to program the water supply: therefore it is not necessary to open and close the valve every time. At the same time it becomes possible to be absent for a few days without jeopardizing the survival of the crops as the system is autonomous.
Building a DIY Drip Irrigation System
The creation of a drip irrigation system can also be carried out without the help of expert personnel, based solely on DIY techniques.
First of all, you buy the kit including a long plastic hose and fittings in a garden or DIY shop. The first has a length of about 60 meters, while the other elements are used to fix the pipe and customize the system according to the size of the garden and the plants you grow.
Drip Irrigation: Plant Installation
For the installation of the system, the attached instructions must be followed: it usually takes only a couple of hours to complete the operation.
If desired, it is possible to bury the pipe, so as to have a better result from an aesthetic point of view and to have more space for the cultivation of the plants.
At this point an onion-shaped device is fixed to one end of the pipe, thanks to which a light drizzle evenly distributed on the ground is obtained instead of a single jet of water.
How to Carry Out Watering
A drip irrigation system ensures a slow and deep water supply to the soil.
Watering must be carried out according to the characteristics of the climate to best preserve the health of the plants. It is advisable to water early in the morning once or twice a week.
Managing A Drip Irrigation System
To manage drip irrigation in the best possible way, particular attention must be paid to the nozzles, which are sometimes obstructed by soil or sand.
In order to have a correct functioning of the system, these debris must be removed and the pipe must be periodically flushed. Simply unscrew the plugged end of the pipe by draining the water and remove the debris.